Bouvier de Ardennes

Breed Rating

family friendly:
Dog friendly:
Watch/guard dog:
Affection / Dependance:
Exercise needed:
Space needed:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:

Breed Attributes


Breed group: Herding    Type: Pure Breed    Talent: , ,


Size: Medium     Weight: 40-60 pounds     Fur length: Long    Ears: Pointy    Fur type: Straight    Fur Color: Black, Dark Brown / Chocolate, Gray / Salt & Pepper, Light Brown / Golden, Merle / Spotted / Brindle / Speckled, White / Cream


Life Expectancy: 12-14 years    Rarity: Uncommon    Availability: Hard to find    Climate: Not good for cold climate.

Breed Details


The Bouvier de Ardennes is a medium size dog originating in Belgium. It is a multipurpose dog that is specially used as cattle dog. It is accustomed to open spaces and to the tough work of rounding-up the cattle, driving and guarding. With decreasing number of farms and consequently cattle, the dog has reduced in population and is now considered a rare breed even in its country of origin, Belgium. It stands between 20-22 inches and weighs between 40-60 pounds.

Short, compact and well-muscled, the Bouvier de Ardennes has strong head with a broad, thick and well filled-in muzzle. Black nose is broad. The dark, medium size eyes are oval shaped and set not too apart. Ears are triangular and set high on the head. Neck is strong and well-muscled. Body is powerful but not heavy with rounded ribs. Back is well-muscled and supple. Chest is broad with well sprung ribs. The tail; if present; is short. Some dogs are born tailless. The forelegs and hind legs are powerful. The dog has a dry and coarse coat that is long and abundant except for skull. It forms a mustache and beard and comes in all colors except white.

This hardy and sturdy dog is well suited for weather extremes.

The dog is NOT recognized by AKC.


The dog can come in any color or combination of colors except white. Small white spot on chest or toe is acceptable.


The dog has a double coat with outer coat being long, wiry and about two inches long. It protects the dog from weather extremes as the dog is used to living outdoor. The undercoat is very dense in all seasons and even more during winter.


The Bouvier de Ardennes is a working dog that is accustomed to working hard. It is an independent dog that is very loving and obedient to its owners and family. Instinctively very alert, the dog makes excellent watch and guard dog as it is wary of strangers. When working, the dog is tireless and persistent but when with family, it is very gentle and kind to all family members. It is very loyal, loving and protective dog.


Coat should be brushed regularly. The dog is not suitable for city life. It is best suited to suburban or rural setting.


The dog is obedient to its master and should not pose any problems during training.


This working dog needs lots of exercise and open spaces to run and play freely. It is accustomed to working in open spaces and would need same settings when used as family pet only. High demands for physical activities make this dog suitable for rural or suburban setting.

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