Perro Cimarron

Breed Rating

family friendly:
Dog friendly:
Watch/guard dog:
Affection / Dependance:
Exercise needed:
Space needed:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:

Breed Attributes


Breed group:     Type: Pure Breed    Talent: , , ,


Size: Large     Weight: 75-99 lbs     Fur length: Short    Ears: Pointy    Fur type: Straight    Fur Color: Black, Light Brown / Golden, Merle / Spotted / Brindle / Speckled, White / Cream


Life Expectancy: 10-14 years    Rarity: Uncommon    Availability: Hard to find    Climate: Not good for cold climate.

Breed Details


The Perro Cimarron is a large size molossor type Uruguay dog with strong, well muscled and compact body. Declared National Dog of its country of origin, this dog breed is very popular in Uruguay. This dog is also known as Cimarron, Uruguayan Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Cimarr�n Uruguayo and Cimarron Dog. Though tagged as 'Cimmaron' which means wild or untamed, this dog is in fact, docile and gentle to its human family. It is highly valued and used as wild boar hunter and guardian of the house but with a balanced temperament, this dog is equally well suited as family companion.

Uncertainty prevails over the origination of this dog but it is believed that it descended from the dogs which were introduced by Spanish and Portuguese invaders. These dogs crossed among themselves and through natural selection, only the fittest, strongest and most clever dogs survived. This is the origination of Perro Cimarron dog. Noticing their abilities, these dogs were domesticated by inhabitants of that time and were progressively trained to become excellent hunting, herding and guard dog.

This large and muscular dog stands between 22.24.5 inches and weighs about 75-99 lbs. It comes with a wide skull and medium length muzzle. Medium size dark eyes are almond shaped with inquisitive expression. The nose is broad and black. The dog has medium length, strong and muscular neck. It has a compact body with either level or saddled topline, well defined withers, short and slightly arched strong loin and deep, broad chest with well sprung ribs. Forelegs are straight with well boned forearms. The hind legs are parallel and straight with well developed muscled upper thighs. This gives the dog immense power. Tail is thick, medium set, reaching the hock. At rest carried low. In motion carried horizontally or slightly upward The thick and supple skin is covered with short smooth hair that lies close to the body. Coat color can be brindle or any shades of fawn, with or without mask.

This breed is NOT recognized by AKC however it is recognized by FCI.


This breed comes in brindle or fawn of varying shades, with or without black mask. White marks are acceptable under the jaw, on lower part of the neck, fore-chest, abdomen and lower part of legs.


The dog always comes in short, smooth and close-fitting coat with undercoat.


The Perro Cimarron, as mentioned before, has been declared the National Dog of Uruguay, not only because it is the only native breed of the country but also for its versatility as a multi-skilled dog. This large size dog breed is more valued for its courageous, hardy and fearless nature coupled with high levels of intelligence. It is an apt herding, protecting and hunting breed that displays its balanced temperament and loving, loyal nature when used as family companion. This dog is known to be very friendly and loyal to their family and specially kind and gentle towards children, more so if raised with them from young age. High protective instincts means that this dog will make sure no intruders enter the house without facing this ferocious dog. It will also alert the family of arrival of unknown persons as this breed is wary of strangers. This dominant breed may not tolerate other dogs or pets in the family. Early socialization is a must for this breed. The owner should make sure to play a true packleader role if he is to train this independent and willful breed. This dog can be a challenge to train. The Perro Cimarron is a high energy breed and being a working dog, it requires some task to do. Be prepared to take this dog for long walks and provide large open space if you are thinking of getting it as family pet. This dog is a very good family companion and watch/guard dog that will love to be loved.


This short-coated breed is easy to take care of with once or twice a week brushing. Ears should be checked regularly.


The Perro Cimarron is an independent breed, one that may choose not to listen when it comes to training. This dog may not take to training unless trained by an experienced and established owner or preferably a trainer.


This dog is accustomed to hard working and needs both physical and mental stimulation to keep itself fit. This breed will best fit a house with a large yard or even better setting is in a rural or suburban area where the dog would have plenty of space to run and play. It should be provided with activities that test this dogs' body and mind. The Perro Cimarron will be very happy if it is made part of family activities.

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