Sanshu Dog

Breed Rating

family friendly:
Dog friendly:
Watch/guard dog:
Affection / Dependance:
Exercise needed:
Space needed:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:
Tendency to bark:
Grooming Requirements:

Breed Attributes


Breed group:     Type: Pure Breed    Talent: , , , ,


Size: Medium     Weight: 44-55 lbs     Fur length: Short    Ears: Pointy    Fur type: Straight    Fur Color: 3 Colors, Black & Brown, Black & White, Dark Brown / Chocolate, White / Cream


Life Expectancy: 10-12 years    Rarity: Uncommon    Availability: Hard to find    Climate: Good for every climate.

Breed Details


The Sanshu Dog is a small to medium size multifunction dog that originated in Japan in 1912. Believed to be developed from such breeds as Chinese Chow Chow, Akita Inu and now extinct Japanese Aichi and Phu Quoc Dog, this dog resembles a smaller Akita or large Shiba dog in appearance. It is a robust and lively dog that is used as herding, driving, protection, hunting, guard and watchdog.

This dog comes in two varieties. A larger Sanshu Dog stands between 20-22 inches while the smaller version of Sanshu Dog stands between 16-18 inches. Weight ranges from 44-55 lbs for this breed. This dog has a wedge-shaped head with a tapering muzzle. Almond shaped eyes are dark colored. Erect ears are triangular shaped and small in size. The coat of this breed is short and coarse. It comes in various colors that include red, gray, tan, white, pied, black and tan and salt & pepper.

This breed is very popular in Japan, not only for its multifunctional personality but also for its even and calm temperament and sweet nature. This wonderful dog is relatively unknown outside its country of origin.

This breed is NOT recognized by AKC or any other major kennel club.


The Sanshu Dog appears in a variety of colors. The color of the coat may be red, tan, white, grey, fawn, and pied. Black and tan and salt and pepper is also common.


This breed sports a short, coarse, stand-off and abundant coat.


The Sanshu Dog is an excellent guard dog but it is mostly prized as a companion dog in its native country, Japan. This sensitive and eager to please dog is very loving, affectionate and friendly and bonds strongly to its family. Obedient and loyal, the dog is easy to train with positive and kind hand. This is an intelligent breed and would thrive on dependable human relationship. This dog is very gentle and playful with children. With its territorial and highly protective instincts, alert nature and wariness towards strangers make this an outstanding watch dog. This dog loves outdoors and will not be suitable for apartment living. The Sanshu Dog makes a dedicated family pet.


Its typical Spitz type thick coat needs constant grooming. The coat needs to be brushed almost daily to prevent tangling and maintain its beautiful appearance.


The Sanshu Dog is an easy breed to train. Being sensitive and obedient, the dog needs gentle and kind training sessions. This breed will respond well to basic training and with its high levels of intelligence and bright nature, it can learn almost any trick its master is willing to take time to teach.


The Sanshu Dog is a hard working dog with lots of energy. These dogs are not recommended for apartment living as they like to roam, run and play in open areas. These dogs will need to be taken on daily walks and provided ample playing time.

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