Bloat or Stomach Dilatation in Dogs

Gastric torsion or bloat is a condition where stomach dilates and then rotates, or twists, around its short axis. A number of emergency conditions may result as a consequence of this gastric rotation, including progressive distension of the stomach, increased pressure within the abdomen, damage to the cardiovascular system, and decreased perfusion. Perfusion is the process of delivering nutrients via blood in the arteries to the body’s tissues. Insufficient perfusion may lead to cellular damage and even organ death. This syndrome is referred to as Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus Syndrome

Symptoms of GDV include anxious behavior, depression, abdominal pain, distention, collapse, excessive drooling, vomiting, tachycardia, dyspnea, a weak pulse, and pale mucus membrane. 

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