Lactic Acid Build-Up in Dogs

An abnormal build up of lactic acid in the body is known as lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis occurs when cells make lactic acid (from glucose) faster than it can be metabolized. The key signs of lactic acidosis include unusually deep and rapid breathing, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Lactic acid is a by-product of metabolism that builds up in muscles during normal activities and is elevated during strenous exercises to fuel the body and maintain energy. During vigorous body activities, the oxygen levels become low causing build up of lactic acid in the body. This condition can be life-threatening although very reversible with exposure of tissues to adequate amount of oxygen which causes acid to metabolize and bodily symptoms to return to normal functioning.

 In a normal functioning body, the liver and kidneys maintain the balance between lactic acid production and its removal from the body. When the body is not functioning at normal capacity and lactic acid is not being adequately removed, lactic acidosis occurs.

The abnormal build-up of lactic acid in the body can affect cardiac system and eventually all organ systems in the body.

Heavy breathing, vomiting and abdominal pain are the normal symptoms of lactic acidosis. If the condition is persistent, it will affect heart function and has a huge affect on other organs as well. 

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