Urolithiasis is the term which refers to the presence of stones or crystals in the urinary tract, kidneys and/or ureter(s). When stones are made of cystine, a common body compound, they are called cystine stones.
In most cases, the cystine stones can be dissolved through medication and without surgery.
The breeds that are most affected by cystine stone formation are Dachshunds, English Bulldogs, Newfoundlands, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, and Welsh Corgi Dogs.
Urolithiasis mostly occurs in adult dogs.
Symptoms of Urolithiasis are increased frequency of urination (pollakiuria), difficulty or painful urination (dysuria), and an abnormal flow of urine (post-renal uremia).