Cardiac arrhythmia

Cardiac arrhythmia is a disturbance in the normal rhythm of the heart, either in frequency (beats too fast or too slow), in amplitude (beats too strongly or too weakly), or in regularity. Symptoms are usually very mild like panting, exercise intolerance and lethargy. This is due to an abnormal electrical activity in the heart causing … Read more


Tachycardia is a condition where the heart beats much faster than normal. The rate at which the heart beats can vary a little but when it is too fast or too slow, it can be cause of concern. When the heart beats too fast, it pumps less efficiently and supplies the rest of the body … Read more


Syncope or fainting is a brief period of unconsciousness due a lack of blood flow or oxygen to the brain (cerebral hypoxia). Syncope is not a disease nor is it a clear indication of any disease. A variety of conditions can lead to fainting episodes including psychological, cardiovascular, respiratory, vestibular, endocrine and others.


The bitch is killing her new born puppies. This is a form of maternal aggression and an often be explained as a response to illness (sick puppies), to their environment (inadequate resources like food) or to human intervention (perceived contamination).

Increased Appetite

The dog is eating a lot more than usual. This could be behavioral or pathological. Behavioral polyphagia will result in obesity. Pathological could be due to many diseases including hormonal imbalance, digestive disorder, diabetes, worms, infections, or anemia. This could also be accompanied with polyuria & polydipsia.

Anxiety in dogs

The dog is anxious, fearful or worried. This may be accompanied with licking, biting, whining, growling, passage of urine or feces and other such behaviors. A common cause is separation anxiety although it could be due to other reasons such as fear, pain, trauma or other diseases.

Dog’s Aggression

The dog is unduly violent. This could be accompanied by barking, growling, gnawing, still tail, erect ears, and even biting. This could be due to change in environment, anxiety, trauma, sexual maturation, inbreeding or pack order behavior. Muzzles can be helpful only when immediate control is required, otherwise, treatment should focus on the cause of … Read more

Frequent Urination

The frequency of micturition of the dog has increased abnormally. This is often associated with polydipsia and are usually related to internal disorders like diabetes, adrenal gland disorders or disorders of the heart, kidney, liver etc.

Lethargy / Weakness

The dog appears torpid and weary. This could be purely behavioral, lack of activity or could be a sign of an underlying illness or could also be due to pain and medications. This is a vague symptom however it is out of ordinary, should not be ignored.