Enophthalmus means displacement of the eyeball backwards into the orbit. General Causes are pain or irritation of the eye or eyelid due to foreign body or corneal ulceration, Dehydration, Loss of orbital fat or muscle or conditions like Microphthalmia, Phthi bulbi, Collapsed globe or Horner's syndrome. Although this is conformational in long-nosed (dolichocephalic) breeds

Loss of vision

The dog is suffering from a partial or total loss of vision. This could be present from birth or happen suddenly due to injury or illness, or due to old age or diseases such as cataracts, retinal degeneration and glaucoma. If the dog has started bumping into objects, appears confused, reluctant, is easily startled, squints, … Read more


The dog seems to be scratching all the time indicating that he has an ictch or pruritus that causes the dog to scratch or bite at himself. Scratching often makes this condition worse causing lesions or wounds and even stimulating the itch. Any condition that causes inflammation of skin can cause pruritus and can occur … Read more

Eyelid swelling

The eyelids of the dog are swelled and appear puffy. This may be associated with discharge, exophthalmos, dermatitis or edema in some part of the body. Could be caused due to allergies to toxins, drugs, bee/insect bites, trauma, infections or conditions like conjunctivitis, blepheritis or even burns or conditions where eyelids turn inwards or outwards.

Eye redness

The dog's eye appears red and inflamed. This may be due to various factors including excess blood in the eyelids (hyperemia) or in the blood vessels of the eye, inflammation of the eyelid, cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, ciliary body, and iris. Other causes include Glaucoma, Orbital disease, hyphema or even cancer.

Eye movements unintentional

The dog has an involuntary and rhythmic oscillation type of the eyeballs; especially when trying to focus. Movements could be jerky – slow movement in one direction with a rapid one in the opposite direction (jerk nystagmus), or oscillatory (pendular nystagmus). Head tilting and circling Is alsoassociated with this. Causes are primarily related to disorders … Read more

Eye mass

A small cyst or tumor like mass in the corner of eye of the dog is not always dangerous. It is likely to be a swollen tear gland causing “Cherry Eye” where the eye would become acutely red. This is a common condition in dogs though the mass could very well be a cyst, sty … Read more

Eye clouding

Clouding of the eyes of the dog is not necessarily a sign of cataract. Cataract is one of the many causes. Other causes may include ageing, Nuclear sclerosis, Glaucoma, inflammation of the cornea,

Eye Bulging

Exophthalmos is commonly found in short nosed dogs like Pug, Boston Terrier, Pekingese, and Shih Tzu. In case of trauma to the face or the head, the eyeball could be displaced in its socket so that the eyelids are trapped behind the globe.

Eye discharge

The dog has an abnormal discharge from the eye/s. If discharge is clear it is likely caused by allergies or irritants like dust or wind. A watery discharge or mucus from one eye is often a sign of a foreign body, like an eyelash, while a while yellow-green or pus-like eye discharge could indicate a … Read more